Drug Addiction VS Drug Abuse
The drug problem is not only a problem for the user but also their loved ones and friends. In some cases, the users do not realize that it is a problem but their friends, family and loved ones feel that. And even sometimes you may not realize or determine that your loved one or family member is suffering from such problems.
People having drug problems or know someone having such a problem usually take drug addiction and abuse in the same meaning, and use them interchangeably. But medically, both these terms are different and have different meanings. Several types of research have been done on both terms to verify the difference between them.
The World Health Organization (WHO) committee had gathered numerous descriptions concerning addiction and abuse and had suggested a general term “drug dependence”. This addiction is well-defined as an illness wherein the addict’s behavior is intensely influenced and controlled by the substance
. It is a state of recurring intoxication that occurs when there is a constant intake of such substances. It has features of intense need or aspiration of continuous use, the affinity of increasing dosage, negative effects on both addict and society, and dependence on special effects.
Drug abuse is defined as the abuse of a substance according to the socially acceptable standard. It is simply a misuse practice of substances that may involve habitual and excessive use to attain a specific effect. These so-called drugs may be illegal, can be taken from syndicates and streets against the law, or it can be legal as well in a form of prescription medications that are used in a pleasing manner rather than medical.
Causes of Drug Addiction and Abuse:
As both terms have different meanings, their causes are also different. Drug abuse is more complex than drug addiction, although addiction has a more powerful motivational situation. Drug addiction involves certain effects on the brain wherein it can become a forceful motivational influence to use the substance again.
On the other hand, drug abuse as a misuse of substances, may or may not go along with a powerful motivational influence to continue the misuse of the substance. In some cases, therefore, abuse does not certainly make addiction, but addiction can change into abuse.
Patterns of Behavior:
Drug abuse and addiction have fundamentally the same effects. Both have unfavorable or unwanted consequences both to the individual and society. Some patterns of behavior and symptoms comprise:
- Strangely slow in speech
- Slow movement
- Cycles of restlessness
- Inability of sleep
- Exaggerated energy
- Sudden gain or loss of weight
- Series of excessive sleep
- The sudden or constant wearing of long-sleeved tops even in high temperatures just to hide marks of injection points.
- Loss of physical control
- Sudden confidence and impulse in doing risky activities
- Withdrawal symptoms while recovering.
Knowing the fact that the addict or user will try to hide the behavior pattern and symptoms of drug use, his family, friends, and loved ones should put an eye on them if certain symptoms appear and ask a doctor for help.