Welcome to the topic, “5 delicate signs of bipolar disorder”.
Bipolar disorder is a psychiatric disorder that affects the nervous system and the functioning of the affected individual adversely. This is a disorder in which the patient goes through fits of mania followed by fits of depression and extreme mood swings. Treatment of bipolar disease is a matter of identifying the signs and carrying out an appropriate diagnosis to comprehend the extreme mood swings and emotions that a patient may go through.
Read on to know the 5 delicate signs of bipolar disorder.
This is one of the top signs of bipolar disorder. While most people go through mood swings in a certain form or at some time or the other, individuals who are suffering from this disorder will show extreme mood swings and emotions in a matter of days and weeks. This occurs due to the hormonal changes in the brain of the affected individual.
Also, while normal people retain their basic nature through their mood swings, individuals suffering from bipolar disorder will not have any fixed persona apart from the one dictated by the swings of mood. Extreme mood swings and the frequency of the same are one of the key symptoms of this disorder.
Extreme mania or happiness followed by the sudden desire to do a lot of things at one time is one of the extreme moods that may be seen in such individuals. They will abruptly have a lot of energy and enthusiasm. Most of them will unexpectedly show a hyperactive side that may not have been seen for weeks at a time.
This mania phase is one where nothing will faze the affected individual and he will show an irrationally high sense of positivism nearby on hazardous behavior like taking gambles and risks which may also have serious physical dangers.
The depressive phase is the other side of the maniac phase. Most individuals suffering from this disorder will also show a side of helplessness and hopelessness for weeks and months before the mania grows in again.
This depression phase is one where all will appear bleak and it will become hard to persuade the patient into exiting his or her room, or even to have a usual conversation with other individuals. During this phase, the affected individual will tend to escape through social scenes and have very little to do with their friends and family.
4-Memory and concentration:
When a person is fluctuating between such extremes with no neutral phase, there are many other roles that will take a beating. The concentration and memory of the patient will collapse and there will be a severe decline in their perception as well.
During the depression phase, one must be cautious to remove all kinds of sharp objects, sleeping pills, medicines, and even guns from the vicinity of the individual as they will be silently engrossed with death and thoughts of suicide. This is one of the main signs which will also require to be undertaken to carry out treatment for bipolar disorder and depression that stalks from the same.
Although the specific causes of mental illnesses are not known, it is becoming clear over research that many of these illnesses are caused by a combination of psychological, biological, and environmental factors.
Biological Factors behind Mental Illness
Some mental illnesses are associated with abnormal functioning of nerve cell pathways or circuits that connect specific brain regions. Nerve cells within the brain pathways converse through chemicals called neurotransmitters. “Tweaking” these chemicals — through psychotherapy, medicines, or other medical procedures — can help pathways run more proficiently. In addition, weakness or injuries to certain regions of the brain have also been associated with some mental conditions.
Some other biological factors that contribute to these illnesses are the following:
Mental illnesses also run in families, signifying that individuals who have a family member with a mental illness may be to a greater extent at risk of developing them. Probability in families is passed on through genes. Specialists found that many mental illnesses are associated with abnormalities in some genes rather than just one or a few and how these genes respond to environmental factors are different for every individual (even identical twins). That is why an individual inherits a vulnerability to a mental illness and doesn’t certainly develop the illness. Mental illness itself arises from the combination of multiple genes and other factors — such as a traumatic event, abuse, or stress — which can affect, or trigger, a condition in an individual who has an inherited exposure to it.
Many infections are associated with damage to the brain in turn resulting in a mental illness or worsening of a previous illness. For example, a disorder known as pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder developed because of the Streptococcus bacteria has been associated with the development of obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and other mental illnesses.
Brain defects or injury
Defects in or injuries to certain regions of the brain have also been associated with some mental illnesses.
Some evidence suggests that interference in the development of the early fetal brain or any trauma at the time of birth — for example, lack of oxygen in brain cells — may be a factor in the occurrence of certain illnesses, e.g. autism spectrum disorder.
Long-term substance abuse has also been linked to paranoia, depression, and anxiety.
Exposure to toxins such as lead plays a great role in developing mental illnesses. Poor nutrition also contributes to their development.
Psychological Factors behind Mental Illness
Psychological factors behind the development of mental illnesses include:
- Severe psychological trauma in childhood, such as sexual abuse, and physical or emotional disturbance.
- Big loss at in early age, such as the loss of a parent
- Reduced ability to relate to others
Environmental Factors behind Mental Illness
Some stressors can prompt an illness in an individual who is susceptible to any mental illness. These stressors include:
- Dysfunctional family life
- Feelings of insufficiency, low self-esteem, anger, loneliness, or anxiety
- Changing schools or jobs
- Death or divorce
- Cultural or social expectations
- Any type of substance abuse by the individual or his parents.
Substance use disorders and mental illnesses are closely associated as individuals addicted to drugs are at risk of developing anxiety and mood disorders two times higher as compared to non-addicts, and vice-versa.
Co-occurrence: A coincidence or more
The high prevalence of co-occurring drug use disorders and mental illnesses is not dependent on a causal association between these. Moreover, it does not specify any particular sequence at the start of the problem, simply because several factors may contribute to AMI and SUDs, and most of them are independent.
For example, it is essential to see if signs have progressed to a definite level (per DSM) to confirm the diagnosis of any mental illness. However, subclinical signs may also lead to substance use. Although it is always hard to tell which comes first between SUDs and AMI. However, three probabilities seem to exist.
Drug use may lead to mental illness
Drug or substance use may be the reason for causing one or more indications of a mental disorder in the user. The evidence associated with the possibility comes from the known connection between the high risk of marijuana and psychosis in some users.
Mental illness leading to drug use
Researchers have also been speaking about the potential role of mental illnesses leading to drug use. Individuals reporting subclinical, evident, or even mild mental illnesses are susceptible to substance use disorder as self-medication. Slowly, as the individual feels more enabled by the use of the substance, he/she becomes dependent on it, developing an addiction.
There are definite factors including brain deficits, genetic vulnerabilities, and/or early exposure to trauma or stress, which may cause both SUDs and AMI.
All these three states may express themselves in making a situation for a co-occurring SUD and AMI.
Exploring common factors
Genetics plays role in both, a SUD and an AMI. Genetic factors can be a noteworthy common connection between these two states, which is known to add to the development of both mental illnesses and addiction. According to scientists, genetics make a 40-60 percent impact on one’s susceptibility to addiction. At the same time, genes can also act incidentally contributing to the occurrence of SUD by altering the person’s response to anxiety or one’s affinity to develop novelty-seeking and risk-taking behaviors.
Similar brain regions are involved. It may be more than a concurrence that in the situation of both AMI and SUD, the same brain areas are affected. For example, any substance use disorder and mental illness such as anxiety and other psychiatric disorders affect the level of dopamine, a chemical that transmits impulses from neuron to neuron.
This correspondence of brain regions affected by SUDs and AMI may indicate a probability of some brain alterations that may result from any one of these, affecting the other.
Getting timely treatment
Different therapies have been proven effective in the treatment of comorbid conditions. However, it is essential to consider other linked factors like a person’s age and particular drug used among other stuff while going ahead with the scheduled treatment.
Welcome to the topic, “ADHD and Self –Medications”.
ADHD can go in adults from third to half of the time. Several studies have proved that children with ADHD are more expected than the general public to get alcohol and substance abuse problems when they go into adulthood.
Several studies have revealed a strong connection between alcoholism, drug abuse, and ADHD. Adult alcoholics are seen with ADHD 5 to ten times more than it is in individuals without the disorder. The ADHD rate among the people getting treatment for alcohol and substance abuse is found to be 25%.
What if I Self-Medicate for ADHD?
In self-medications, you turn toward some prescription drugs or illegal drugs, alcohol, exercise, and caffeine.
Just like ADHD meds, alcohol, marijuana, and other drugs also can boost dopamine levels in the body. This is the reason these substances are often used by people having ADHD.
Many people turn to alcohol due to several reasons:
- To cope with the distress that comes due to the illness.
- To assist them with social and routine problems
Most of the users don’t realize that the use of alcohol can make the situation severe.
Heavy drinking has a strong impulsive behavior which is also associated with ADHD.
If you are taking 7 drinks a week as a woman or 14 drinks a week as a man then you are self-medicating.
Many people think that marijuana can help in coping with the symptoms of ADHD. But there is no proof in scientific research about this. Cannabis – which is becoming legal in more states for recreational and medical use– can exacerbate your attention, organization, focus, and impulse control. Stay away from heroin, cocaine, and other illegal drugs.
Most of the research has shown that caffeine can improve your concentration but it doesn’t work accordingly when taken as ADHD medication. And larger doses of caffeine can make your memory worse. If a healthy person takes cups of Joe to boost his mind, it may be fine. But if you can’t go back, take more than average, and can’t cut off talk to your healthcare professional. Teens and children should not take caffeine in any form as it affects their growth and sleep as well.
Some people think that smoking can make them calm, but studies have shown that it can make you more hyper and backfire you and your ADHD signs and symptoms difficult to manage.
Smoking can also:
- Increase your anxiety
- Make it difficult to pay attention when needed
- Just after 12 hours of the last smoking, your brain functions lower
- Raise risks of relapse when you try to quit
- Narrow down your brain’s frontal cortex, which helps you with motivation, attention, memory, and learning
If you have a troubled smoking habit, see your healthcare professional.
Any drug abuse or misuse can be harmful even deadly. It can lead to heart attack, seizures, or strokes. Take medicines at the prescribed dose and only for their proposed use.
If you are suffering from ADHD and trying self-medications, see your doctor. Because the dose of every drug is different for every person and you may also need to change the drug.
Welcome to the topic, “Long-term Effects of Bipolar Disorder”.
Bipolar disorder is a brain illness that brings changes in energy, a person’s mood, and the ability to function properly. People with bipolar disorder face intense emotional conditions that typically occur during different periods of one or more days to weeks, called mood episodes.
These mood episodes are classified as manic/hypomanic or depressive. People with bipolar disorder usually have some periods of neutral mood as well. When cured, people with bipolar disorder can live productive and full lives.
Bipolar disorder is a long mental disorder. There’s no exact treatment, but you can cope with it with talk therapies, medications, and other types of treatment. Even so, there are potential long-term effects. Here’s what to know about the long-term effects of bipolar disorder.
Research indicates bipolar disorder may damage your brain over time. Professionals think it’s because you gradually lose amino acids. They help in the building of the proteins that make up the protective lining around your neurons.
With the passage of time this disorder may affect:
- Overall executive function
The frontal lobe of the brain also might not work. That’s the area of your brain that helps in remembering words and making decisions.
Some of the medicines used for the treatment of bipolar disorder can change how the body of patient functions the longer you use them.
It is a mood stabilizer that may cause problems with certain body organs.
It can damage your kidneys resulting in a type of diabetes called nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. Your kidneys fail to control the fluid balance due to the lack of responsiveness of hormones. Its symptoms include feeling more thirsty all the time and peeing a lot.
Your thyroids don’t make enough hormones the condition is called hypothyroidism. This condition can lead to:
- Feeling cold
- Dry skin
- Weight gain
- Trouble thinking quickly
When your parathyroid glands can’t manage the level of calcium it results from hyperparathyroidism. It’s a less common long-term effect, but it can result in:
- Joint or bone pain
- Kidney stones
- Abdominal pain
Young girls are more at risk. If your doctor recommends you lithium he will test from time to time whether it is working right or not.
If your mania and depression are not under-control you might also take an antipsychotic along with mood stabilizers. Over time, antipsychotics can increase the risk for:
- Diabetes and Glucose intolerance
- Dyslipidemia (abnormal lipid levels)
- Movement disorders like Parkinson’s disease
Bipolar Disorder and Suicide
Some individuals with this disorder may think of suicide.
Read out these warning signs and take them for immediate treatment:
- Isolating yourself
- Depression (changes in sleeping, eating activities)
- Talking about hopelessness, helplessness, or suicide
- Having more accidents
- Acting recklessly
- Taking more risks
- Abusing alcohol or drugs
- Focusing on negative and morbid themes
- Talking about death and dying
- Giving away possessions
- Becoming less emotionally expressive, or crying more
What Happens Without Treatment?
If you leave bipolar disorder untreated its symptoms will become worse. Your mania episodes and depression tend to last for longer times and happen more frequently, especially with increasing age.
You may think of suicide a lot. If you’re having thoughts of death, contact Sands Treatment Center.