Welcome to the topic, “5 delicate signs of bipolar disorder”.
Bipolar disorder is a psychiatric disorder that affects the nervous system and the functioning of the affected individual adversely. This is a disorder in which the patient goes through fits of mania followed by fits of depression and extreme mood swings. Treatment of bipolar disease is a matter of identifying the signs and carrying out an appropriate diagnosis to comprehend the extreme mood swings and emotions that a patient may go through.
Read on to know the 5 delicate signs of bipolar disorder.
This is one of the top signs of bipolar disorder. While most people go through mood swings in a certain form or at some time or the other, individuals who are suffering from this disorder will show extreme mood swings and emotions in a matter of days and weeks. This occurs due to the hormonal changes in the brain of the affected individual.
Also, while normal people retain their basic nature through their mood swings, individuals suffering from bipolar disorder will not have any fixed persona apart from the one dictated by the swings of mood. Extreme mood swings and the frequency of the same are one of the key symptoms of this disorder.
Extreme mania or happiness followed by the sudden desire to do a lot of things at one time is one of the extreme moods that may be seen in such individuals. They will abruptly have a lot of energy and enthusiasm. Most of them will unexpectedly show a hyperactive side that may not have been seen for weeks at a time.
This mania phase is one where nothing will faze the affected individual and he will show an irrationally high sense of positivism nearby on hazardous behavior like taking gambles and risks which may also have serious physical dangers.
The depressive phase is the other side of the maniac phase. Most individuals suffering from this disorder will also show a side of helplessness and hopelessness for weeks and months before the mania grows in again.
This depression phase is one where all will appear bleak and it will become hard to persuade the patient into exiting his or her room, or even to have a usual conversation with other individuals. During this phase, the affected individual will tend to escape through social scenes and have very little to do with their friends and family.
4-Memory and concentration:
When a person is fluctuating between such extremes with no neutral phase, there are many other roles that will take a beating. The concentration and memory of the patient will collapse and there will be a severe decline in their perception as well.
During the depression phase, one must be cautious to remove all kinds of sharp objects, sleeping pills, medicines, and even guns from the vicinity of the individual as they will be silently engrossed with death and thoughts of suicide. This is one of the main signs which will also require to be undertaken to carry out treatment for bipolar disorder and depression that stalks from the same.
Although the specific causes of mental illnesses are not known, it is becoming clear over research that many of these illnesses are caused by a combination of psychological, biological, and environmental factors.
Biological Factors behind Mental Illness
Some mental illnesses are associated with abnormal functioning of nerve cell pathways or circuits that connect specific brain regions. Nerve cells within the brain pathways converse through chemicals called neurotransmitters. “Tweaking” these chemicals — through psychotherapy, medicines, or other medical procedures — can help pathways run more proficiently. In addition, weakness or injuries to certain regions of the brain have also been associated with some mental conditions.
Some other biological factors that contribute to these illnesses are the following:
Mental illnesses also run in families, signifying that individuals who have a family member with a mental illness may be to a greater extent at risk of developing them. Probability in families is passed on through genes. Specialists found that many mental illnesses are associated with abnormalities in some genes rather than just one or a few and how these genes respond to environmental factors are different for every individual (even identical twins). That is why an individual inherits a vulnerability to a mental illness and doesn’t certainly develop the illness. Mental illness itself arises from the combination of multiple genes and other factors — such as a traumatic event, abuse, or stress — which can affect, or trigger, a condition in an individual who has an inherited exposure to it.
Many infections are associated with damage to the brain in turn resulting in a mental illness or worsening of a previous illness. For example, a disorder known as pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder developed because of the Streptococcus bacteria has been associated with the development of obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and other mental illnesses.
Brain defects or injury
Defects in or injuries to certain regions of the brain have also been associated with some mental illnesses.
Some evidence suggests that interference in the development of the early fetal brain or any trauma at the time of birth — for example, lack of oxygen in brain cells — may be a factor in the occurrence of certain illnesses, e.g. autism spectrum disorder.
Long-term substance abuse has also been linked to paranoia, depression, and anxiety.
Exposure to toxins such as lead plays a great role in developing mental illnesses. Poor nutrition also contributes to their development.
Psychological Factors behind Mental Illness
Psychological factors behind the development of mental illnesses include:
- Severe psychological trauma in childhood, such as sexual abuse, and physical or emotional disturbance.
- Big loss at in early age, such as the loss of a parent
- Reduced ability to relate to others
Environmental Factors behind Mental Illness
Some stressors can prompt an illness in an individual who is susceptible to any mental illness. These stressors include:
- Dysfunctional family life
- Feelings of insufficiency, low self-esteem, anger, loneliness, or anxiety
- Changing schools or jobs
- Death or divorce
- Cultural or social expectations
- Any type of substance abuse by the individual or his parents.
Welcome to the topic, “ADHD and Self –Medications”.
ADHD can go in adults from third to half of the time. Several studies have proved that children with ADHD are more expected than the general public to get alcohol and substance abuse problems when they go into adulthood.
Several studies have revealed a strong connection between alcoholism, drug abuse, and ADHD. Adult alcoholics are seen with ADHD 5 to ten times more than it is in individuals without the disorder. The ADHD rate among the people getting treatment for alcohol and substance abuse is found to be 25%.
What if I Self-Medicate for ADHD?
In self-medications, you turn toward some prescription drugs or illegal drugs, alcohol, exercise, and caffeine.
Just like ADHD meds, alcohol, marijuana, and other drugs also can boost dopamine levels in the body. This is the reason these substances are often used by people having ADHD.
Many people turn to alcohol due to several reasons:
- To cope with the distress that comes due to the illness.
- To assist them with social and routine problems
Most of the users don’t realize that the use of alcohol can make the situation severe.
Heavy drinking has a strong impulsive behavior which is also associated with ADHD.
If you are taking 7 drinks a week as a woman or 14 drinks a week as a man then you are self-medicating.
Many people think that marijuana can help in coping with the symptoms of ADHD. But there is no proof in scientific research about this. Cannabis – which is becoming legal in more states for recreational and medical use– can exacerbate your attention, organization, focus, and impulse control. Stay away from heroin, cocaine, and other illegal drugs.
Most of the research has shown that caffeine can improve your concentration but it doesn’t work accordingly when taken as ADHD medication. And larger doses of caffeine can make your memory worse. If a healthy person takes cups of Joe to boost his mind, it may be fine. But if you can’t go back, take more than average, and can’t cut off talk to your healthcare professional. Teens and children should not take caffeine in any form as it affects their growth and sleep as well.
Some people think that smoking can make them calm, but studies have shown that it can make you more hyper and backfire you and your ADHD signs and symptoms difficult to manage.
Smoking can also:
- Increase your anxiety
- Make it difficult to pay attention when needed
- Just after 12 hours of the last smoking, your brain functions lower
- Raise risks of relapse when you try to quit
- Narrow down your brain’s frontal cortex, which helps you with motivation, attention, memory, and learning
If you have a troubled smoking habit, see your healthcare professional.
Any drug abuse or misuse can be harmful even deadly. It can lead to heart attack, seizures, or strokes. Take medicines at the prescribed dose and only for their proposed use.
If you are suffering from ADHD and trying self-medications, see your doctor. Because the dose of every drug is different for every person and you may also need to change the drug.