Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a chronic illness in which you can’t stop or control your drinking even though it hurts your social life, job, or health.
It’s a variety that includes alcohol manipulation, which is when drinking has serious significance over and over. It also contains alcoholism or alcohol necessity, which is when you lose control of your drinking.
How much alcohol is too much?
If you have to drink, you can drink it in “Moderation”, which means a woman can take one drink and a man can take 2 drinks per day. One drink equals:
- 1.5 ounces of liquor (like whisky, rum, or tequila)
- 5 ounces of wine
- 12 ounces of beer
Another way to control your drinking habits is to think during an average week about how much you drink.
Alcohol Use Disorder Effects
Drinking can have a serious impact on your mental and physical health even if your case is minor. The problems that you try to avoid by drinking AUD also cause it regularly which creates a negative cycle.
In the short term, AUD can cause:
- Memory loss
Long-term effects include:
- Stomach problems
- Heart problems
- Brain damage
- Permanent memory loss
- High blood pressure
- Cirrhosis, or scarring on your liver
Causes and Risk Factors
In different people, alcohol use disorder can be caused by different things. These include:
- Low self-esteem
- A need for approval
- Trying to cope with emotional problems
- Peer pressure
- Easy access to alcohol
- Low socioeconomic status
- Physical or sexual abuse
- A family history of alcohol problems
- Regular binge drinking
- Drinking at an early age
- Bariatric surgery
The treatment method depends on the case condition; your doctor may offer more than one type of treatment for you. The main purpose of treatment is to stop drinking and have a better lifestyle.
You may experience alcohol withdrawal if you stop drinking suddenly. Alcohol withdrawal can be life-threatening. Symptoms of alcohol withdrawal include:
- tremors or shakes
- nausea and vomiting
- heart palpitations
- increased blood pressure or heart rate
- rapid abnormal breathing
Seek medical attention if you experience these symptoms. Severe cases of Alcohol withdrawal involve hospitalization, but usually can also be preserved outside of the hospital.
1-Counseling and support
Your disorder and what has caused it can also be understood by therapy, while alone or as a part of a group. You’ll get support for sticking with your treatment plan and remaining away from alcohol. The assistance of your family and loved ones are important, so they might want or need to be involved too.
Your doctor may recommend one or more of these medications if you have moderate or extreme AUD:
- Acamprosate (Camral)
- Disulfiram (Antabuse)
- Naltrexone (ReVia, Vivitrol)
- Topiramate (Topamax)
People need to live in a treatment facility staffed by medical professionals who have practice treating the disorder with severe AUD cases. Support groups, education, therapy, and other activities are the most programs involved.